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About Black Sea Energy Research Centre


The Black Sea Energy Research Centre is a non-governmental organization in public interest founded in 2007, as a successor of the Black Sea Regional Energy Centre, established in 1995 at the initiative of the European Commission and the countries of the Black Sea Region. BSERC is registered in Sofia, Bulgaria according to the national legislation.

BSERC acts as a focal point for energy related activities, aimed at developing the co-operation between the Black Sea region countries and the EU in the energy field. The Centre co-operates closely with all the Black Sea countries in order to be well informed with the national trends and developments. Apart from its international activities BSERC is actively involved in the Bulgarian energy issues, acting as a Bulgarian energy society.

BSERC has a wide network of high-level energy experts providing services to the Centre, which enables the good co-operation among the energy market players, including energy sector organizations, ministries, public and private enterprises, and individuals, not only in Bulgaria, but also in the whole Black Sea region, and thus ensures the opportunity to meet the actual needs of the energy market actors.


The main fields of activity of the Centre are:

  • Harmonization of the energy legislation of the BSR countries and of Bulgaria in particular, with the EU legislation;
  • Security of the energy supply;
  • Promotion of renewable energy and climate protection;
  • Energy efficiency and rational use of energy;
  • Networking, exchange of experience and dissemination of energy-related information.

Harmonization of the BSR countries' energy legislation with the EU legislation

BSERC has been actively working on the harmonization of the energy legislation of the Black Sea Region countries with the EU one, targeting to improve the investment climate and to encourage foreign investments in the energy sector.

The Centre, together with EU and local consultants, has performed projects directed towards implementation of requirements and conditions of the main EU political and legislative documents.

The Centre drafted and/or assisted the energy authorities of Bulgaria in the elaboration of the Energy Law, Energy Efficiency Act, Energy from Renewable Sources Act, Energy Strategy and various secondary legislative documents. Expert services have also been provided to the State Energy Regulatory Commission on the Energy Services Quality Regulation and on the Development of Electricity Network and Metering Codes for the future liberalization of the electricity market.

Security of energy supply and promotion of renewable energy

The Centre has undertaken a number of initiatives and studies dedicated to the diversification of energy supply and enhancement of the interconnection of electricity grid.

Additionally, many projects focusing on renewable energy have been carried out, focusing on:

  • Transfer of RES-utilization technologies;
  • Evaluation of the economic, environmental, social, and policy aspects;
  • Financing sources and schemes;
  • Technical complications related to the integration of RES installations to the grid;
  • Legislation and regulations;
  • RES deployment strategies and research priorities;
  • Training, promotion and dissemination.

Energy efficiency and rational use of energy

Energy efficiency is vital for the Black Sea countries’ economies and the Centre has devoted significant part of its activity in this domain. Considerable experience and expertise have been gained in performing energy audits in industry and in building sector, assessing the EE potential at national and local levels, development of municipal energy balances and plans, training and dissemination of EU best practices.

In order to enhance its capacity, the Centre is actively co-operating with high level experts from the Technical Universities of Sofia and Varna. Jointly with them, the Centre has successfully performed a number of projects on RUE in the field of industry and buildings.

Energy efficiency services (EES) gain increasing importance in the last years. The Centre has put efforts to support the development of EES market in Bulgaria. Activities include assistance to private EES providers for the development of marketing strategies and business plans, training, development of a code of conduct, and promotion of best practices.

At the legislative level the Centre has worked on the development of the Energy Efficiency Strategy and Action Plan of Bulgaria. The Centre contributed considerably to the development of the Bulgarian Energy Efficiency Law as well. It has worked on the harmonization of the Bulgarian legislation with the Energy Services Directive and Energy Efficiency Directive (see CA-ESD and CA-EED projects).

Dissemination of information

The dissemination of information is one of BSERC’s priorities, implemented through organization of workshops, conferences, seminars, trainings, maintaining of web-sites, publishing of newsletters and brochures, etc. It is aimed at transferring information about policies, technologies, organizational structures, key persons and experience in energy activities.

BSERC has gained significant experience in the organization of high-level energy Conferences. Additionally, BSERC has organized more than 50 seminars, workshops, training courses, forums, and other events in the countries of the Black Sea region.


During its 20-year operation, the BSERC (and its predecessor BSREC) has been involved in more than 60 projects within EC programmes: PHARE, SYNERGY, THERMIE, Framework programmes for RTD (FP5, FP6, FP7), Intelligent Energy – Europe (EIE). Additionally, BSERC has been working on many other projects, funded by USAID, the World Bank, CIDA, EBRD and national sources.


The non-profit Association "Black Sea Energy Research Centre" is a legal entity, independent from its members, and founded according to the Law on the Non-Profit Corporate Bodies, its Statute and the Decision by the Constituent Assembly.

The Association acts for the public benefit through:

  • Preparation of scientific and practical studies, analyses, projects, evaluations, expert reports and other projects concerning the problems of the energy sector, energy efficiency, energy saving and renewable energy sources in the following countries: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Georgia, Greece, Moldova, Montenegro, Serbia, the former Yigoslav Republic of Macedonia, Romania, Russia, Turkey and Ukraine.
  • Preparation of projects in the field of energy and climate change for utilization of EU funds in the field of energy and/or under other programmes' funds granted to Bulgaria, or other countries from the Black Sea Region.
  • Preparation and/or implementation of projects under various programmes, funded with funds from local or foreign sponsors outside EU funds.

The Association is governed by a General Assembly, curently consisting of ten members.  The General Assembly appoints the Manager of the Association.

The Manager of the Association "BSERC" is Dr. Lulin Radulov, who is also Chairman of the GA.


Assoc. Prof. Dr. Lulin RADULOV

Member of BSERC and its manager since 2007, electrical engineer, associated professor. Dr. Radulov has more than 30 years of experience as a project manager and senior researcher of energy-related projects funded by national and international sources, incl. EU programmes - FP5-7, IEE, Horizon 2020, and others. His main fields of expertise cover reliability of energy supply, liberalization of energy markets, energy efficiency, renewable energy, and climate change. Dr. Radulov is a member of the Board of Trustees of the Technical University of Sofia.


Member of BSERC, senior electrical and regulatory expert. Angel Minev is an electrical engineer with sound experience in combining gas/electricity/heat and EE/RE as part of the work he carried out in harmonizing Bulgarian energy legislation with European Directives in accordance with market liberalization principles. He has also been involved in energy efficiency and RES programmes and demand-side management, sector policy preparation and implementation, including investment analysis, financing models, business plans and feasibility studies for several energy projects.


Coal mining engineer with extensive experience in mining and utilization of lignite resources. Being chief designer, deputy executive and executive director of large Bulgarian mining enterprises, he managed the development and implementation of many complex coal mining projects, i.e. geological, mining, water, electro, mechanical, automation, and economic parts.


Member of BSERC, expert in energy economics and policy. Angel has got 15 years of experience in EU-funded (Horizon 2020, IEE, FP7, FP6) and national projects on energy and climate change mitigation modelling, energy service market studies, energy efficiency and renewable energy strategies, plans and programmes, and financial sources and schemes.

Prof. Dr. Nikolay VASSILEV

Member of BSERC, senior expert in lighting. Prof. Vassilev has educated generations of Bulgarian light engineers at the Technical University of Sofia. He is a well-known lighting expert with more than 30 years of active professional and scientific appearances in design and implementation of large projects in the field of indoor, street, tunnel, sports lighting; participation in international research and dissemination projects; development and updating of the national regulatory framework in the field of lighting; participation in editorial boards of international magazines. Prof. Vassilev is author of hundreds of articles in international and Bulgarian scientific magazines, and of 8 professional books.


Electrical engineer, lighting specialist, designer, expert in outdoor lighting systems. Boris has got 20 years of professional experience in the field of energy efficient modernization of lighting systems. He has participated in a number of projects funded by Bulgarian and EU sources and programmes in lighting of public and industrial buildings, street lighting reconstruction of Bulgarian municipalities, modernization of industrial and street lighting in Europe.


Thermal and nuclear engineer, president of the Bulgarian District Heating Association and of the Industrial Association of Varna, Member of the Consulting Union of the Bulgarian Industrial Association. Ilia Nikolaev has more than 40-year professional experience in the operation and management of the District Heating Companies of Ruse and Varna. He possesses exhaustive knowledge of energy production and heat distribution (CHP), repair and operation of energy equipment, energy efficiency, environmental protection, planning, organization, legislation. His main activities has been relating to the elaboration of methodologies for monitoring and evaluation of performance for various investment projects in the DH production and distribution areas, including gas/coal/fuel fired boilers, gas cogeneration installations, flue gas heat recovery installations, steam turbines, district heating network pipelines, etc.; analysis and evaluation - on monthly and annual basis – of the economic and environmental impact of a wide range of investment projects in the DH sector (incl. fuel switch projects, cogeneration installation, boilers’ adaptation from steam to hot water, implementation of flue gas heat recovery on boilers and cogeneration engines, etc.).


Member of BSERC, engineer, Doctor in internal combustion engines, qualification in financial management and macroeconomics. Until 1989 he worked as a manager of import and after-sales car care in Bulgaria. Since 1989 he has been a senior advisor, Director of the Economic policy directorate of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Bulgaria and in the period 1997-2001 adviser to the Prime Minister on the structural reforms, energetics and economic balances of the country. As a senior civil servant he directly participated in and led the preparation of analyzes, research, drafting of programming documents and draft laws for state governance purposes in the fields of economy, energetics, privatization and concessions. He has numerous contributions to research and projects of non-governmental organizations such as the Center for the Study of Democracy, the Center for Economic Development, the Center for Risk Analysis and Management, and others in the field of economy and public finance. Mr. Bachvarov has over 150 publications in the field of macroeconomics, energetics and public finance.